Adikamus Pelajar: Imbuhan/Bentuk Terikat Berdasarkan Topik

Bagian ini disajikan masih dalam ejaan aslinya, dengan bahasa asal dicantumkan pada setiap imbuhan dan bentuk terikat yang disajikan. Makna yang sukar untuk diterjemahkan ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia sederhana, masih disajikan dengan mencantumkan makna aslinya.

Berdasarkan Warna & KarakternyaSunting

hitamSunting

[Lat]: atr-, atri-; [Yun]: melan-, melano-; [Lat]: nigr-, nigri

biruSunting

[Lat]: cerule-; [Yun]: cyano-

abu-abu kebiruanSunting

[Lat]: caesi-

coklatSunting

[Lat]: brunne-; [Lat]: castane-; [Lat]: fuse-

abu-abuSunting

[Lat]: glauc-, [Lat]: grise-; [Yun]: polio-

hijauSunting

[Yun]: chloro-; [Lat]: virid-, viridi-

kuning pucatSunting

[Lat]: gllv-; [Yun]: ochro-

unguSunting

[Yun]: phoenico-; [Yun]: porphyro-, [Lat]: purpur-, purpure

merahSunting

[Yun]: erythro-; [Lat]: rubi-, rubr-, rufi-

jingga kemerahanSunting

[Yun]: pyrrho-

kirmizi, merah padam, merah tua, merah menyala (scarlet)Sunting

[Lat]: coccin-

kuning kecoklatan (tawny)Sunting

[Lat]: fulv-; [Yun]: cirrho-

unguSunting

[Yun]: ianthin-, iodo-, iono-; [Lat]: violace-

putihSunting

[Lat]: alb-, albi-; [Lat]: candid-; [Yun]: leuco-

kuningSunting

[Lat]:flav-; [Lat]: galb-; [Lat]: lute-; [Yun]: thapsino-;

[Yun]: xantho-

Warna-Warna LogamSunting

perungguSunting

[Lat]: aene-; [Yun]: chalco-

tembagaSunting

[Yun]: chalco-; [Lat]: cupri-

emasSunting

[Lat]: aur-, aurat-, aure-; [Yun]: chryso-

besiSunting

[Lat]: ferr-, ferro-

timahSunting

[Yun]: molybdo-; [Lat]: plumb-, plumbe-

perakSunting

[Lat]: argent-; [Yun]: argyr-, argyro-

bajaSunting

[Lat]: chalybd-

Warna-Warna dari Benda LainnyaSunting

kelabu, abu-abuSunting

[Lat]: dner-; [Lat]: livid—, [Yun]: tephro-

merah darahSunting

[Yun]: haemo-, haemato—, [Lat]: sanguin!-

coklat kemerahan (kastanya)Sunting

[Lat]: castane-

hitam batu baraSunting

[Yun]: anthraco—, [Lat]: carb-

warna-menyalaSunting

[Lat]: flamme-; [Yun]: pyrrho-

jeruk nipis (lime, lemon)Sunting

[Yun]: citrin-, dtro-

jerukSunting

[Lat]: auranti-; [Yun]: cirrho-, [Yun]: croco-

pelangiSunting

[Yun]: irido-

mawarSunting

[Yun]: rhodo-; [Lat]: ros-, rose-

warna karatSunting

[Lat]: ferrugin-; [Lat]: rubigin-

saljuSunting

[Yun]: chiono-; [Yun]: nipho-; [Lat]: nival-

warna jelagaSunting

[Yun]: aethalo-; [Lat]: fuligin-; [Lat]: fumi-

warna minuman anggurSunting

[Yun]: oeno-

Pemerian mengenai KualitasSunting

gelap, gulitaSunting

[Yun]: amauro-; [Lat]: calig-, caligln-; [Yun]: mauro-; [Lat]: obscur-

remangSunting

[Yun]: amydro-

warna jatuh malam, agak hitam, agak gulita (dusky)Sunting

[Yun]: pello-; [Yun]: phaeo-; [Lat]: pulli-

pucatSunting

[Yun]: ochro-; [Yun]: liro-; [Lat]: pallid-, pallidi-

Battern

lurik-lurik, belang-belang (banded)Sunting

[Lat]:fasciat-

petak-petak, kotak-kotak (checkered)Sunting

[Lat]: tesselat-

berbintik-bintik, berintik-rintik, berkurik-kurik (speckled)Sunting

[Yun]: psaro-

tutul-tutul, berbintik-bintik (spotted)Sunting

[Yun]: balio-; [Lat]: maculât-, [Yun]: stigmato-

bercoret, bercoreng (streaked)Sunting

[Lat]: plagat-

bergaris-garis (striped)Sunting

[Lat]: vittat-

Lain-LainnyaSunting

cantikSunting

[Lat]: bell-; [Yun]: calo-; [Lat]: cypri-; [Lat]· pulchr-

warnaSunting

[Yun]: chromato-, chromo; [Lat]: colori-

seperti kaca, lir-kaca (glassy)Sunting

[Yun]: hyalo-; [Lat]: pellucid-

berkilau, kemilau (shiny)Sunting

[Yun]: argo-; [Lat]: lucid-

UkuranSunting

kerdil, katai (dwarf)Sunting

[Yun]: nano-; [Lat]: pumili-

setara (equal)Sunting

[Lat]: equi-; [Yun]: iso-; [Lat]: pari-

raksasa, sangat besar (gigantic)Sunting

[Yun]: colosso-; [Yun]: ^ganto-; [Lat]: ingenti-; [Yun]: peloro-; [Yun]: titano-

berat, besar bobotnyaSunting

[Yun]: baro-, bary-; [Lat]: gravi-

besarSunting

[Lat]: grandi-; [Yun]: macro-; [Lat]: magni-, [Yun]: mega-, mégalo-

terbesarSunting

[Lat]: maxim-; [Yun]: megtsto-

kurang dariSunting

[Yun]: meio-, mio-; [Lat]: sub-

ringan dalam hal bobotSunting

[Yun]: elaphro-; [Lat]: levi-

panjangSunting

[Yun]: dolicho-, [Lat]: longi-; [Yun]: meco-

terpanjangSunting

[Yun]: mecisto-

pendekSunting

[Yun]: brachy-; [Lat]: brevi-; [Lat]: curti-

kecilSunting

[Yun]: baeo-; [Yun]: micro-; [Lat]: minut-; [Lat]: parvi-;

[Yun]: pauro-; [Lat]: pusill-

terkecilSunting

[Yun]: elachisto-; [Lat]: minim-

tinggiSunting

[Yun]: aep-, aepy-; [Lat]: alti-; [Lat]: procer-, proceri-

tidak setaraSunting

[Yun]: aniso-

BentukSunting

memiliki sudut, bersudut (angled)Sunting

[Lat]: anguli-; [Yun]: gonio-

bengkok, tertekuk (bent)Sunting

[Yun]: ancylo-; [Yun]: campto-; [Yun]: campylo-; [Yun]: cypho-

tumpul, puntul (blunt)Sunting

[Yun]: ambly-; [Lat]: obtus-; [Lat]: retus-

lebar (broad)Sunting

(see wide)

bundar, mengelilingi, melingkar (circular)Sunting

(see round)

tertempa, terpukul, terhantam (clubbed)Sunting

[Lat]: clavat-; [Yun]: rhopalo-

tertutup, tanpa bukaan (closed)Sunting

[Yun] clisto-

bergelung, berlingkar (coiled)Sunting

(see spiral)

berbentuk bulan sabitSunting

[Lat]: lunuli-; [Yun]: menisco-

bengkokSunting

[Yun]: ancylo-; [Yun]: rhaebo-; [Yun]: scolio-

meringkukSunting

[Lat]: crispi-: [Yun]: bostrycho-

lengkungSunting

[Yun]: cyrto-; [Yun]: gampso-; [Yun]: toxo-

berbentuk silinderSunting

[Lat]: cylind-, cylindro-

padatSunting

(lihat tebal/thick)

bundar-telurSunting

[Lat]: ovat-

datarSunting

[Lat]: aplanat-; [Lat]: plani-; [Yun]: platy-

lir-garpu (berbentuk seperti garpu)Sunting

[Yun]: dicho-; [Yun]: dicro-; [Lat]: forficat-; [Lat]: furc-

bentukSunting

[Lat]: -form; [Yun]: morpho-; [Yun]: schemato-

beronggaSunting

[Lat]: alveo-; [Lat]: cavi-; [Yun]: coelo-

berbentuk seperti kaitSunting

[Yun]: ancistr-; [Yun]: ancylo

miringSunting

(see slanting)

terbukaSunting

[Lat]: aperi-; [Yun]: chaeno-; [Yun]: oego-

runcingSunting

[Lat]: acuminat-; [Lat]: muricat-

kasar/kasapSunting

[Yun]: carcharo-; [Lat]: pannos-; [Yun]: rhago-

bulat/bundarSunting

[Lat]: circuli-; [Yun]: cyclo-; [Yun]: gyro-; [Lat]: rotundi-; [Yun]: strongylo-

tajamSunting

[Lat]: acri-; [Lat]: acuti-; [Yun]: oxy-

miringSunting

[Lat]: declivi-; [Yun]: dochmo-; [Yun]: epiphoro-; [Yun]: lechrio-; [Yun]: loxo-; [Lat]: obliqu-; [Yun]: plagio-

rampingSunting

[Lat]: gracil-; [Yun]: lepto-; [Lat]: tenui-

bulatSunting

[Yun]: sphaero-

spiralSunting

[Yun]: helico-; [Lat]: spirali-; [Lat]: strombi-

terpisahSunting

[Yun]: dicho-, [Yun]: dicrano-; [Yun]: schisto-, schizo-

persegi empatSunting

[Lat]: quadrat-

curamSunting

[Yun]: ananto-; [Lat]: ardu-

lurusSunting

[Yun]: euthy-; [Yun]: ortho-; [Lat]: recti -

tebalSunting

[Lat]: crassi-; [Yun]: hadro-; [Yun]: pachy-; [Yun]: pycno-

robek, cabik, koyakSunting

[Yun]: rhago-

segitigaSunting

[Yun]: delt-; [Yun]: trigono-

berpiuh, memiuh, berpilinSunting

[Yun]: ileo-; [Yun]: plecto-; [Yun]: strepto-; [Yun]: strobilo-, strobo-; [Yun]: stropho-

bergelombangSunting

[Lat]: undulat-

lebarSunting

[Yun]: eury-; [Lat]: lati-; [Yun]: platy-

Tekstur, Bentuk PermukaanSunting

telanjangSunting

[Yun]: gymno-, [Lat]: nudi-; [Yun]: psilo-

berjanggut, berjenggotSunting

[Lat]: barbat-; [Lat]: crinit-; [Yun]: pogono-

berbulu halusSunting

[Yun]: pappo-; [Lat]: pubesc-

lentur, fleksibelSunting

[Yun]: campo-

beralurSunting

[Yun]: aulaco-, [Yun]: glypho-, glypto-; [Lat]: striât-; [Lat]: strigat-, [Lat]: sulcat-

berambutSunting

[Yun]: dasy-; [Lat]: hirsut-; [Yun]: lasio-; [Yun]: trichodo-; [Lat]: villos-

kerasSunting

[Lat]: duri-; [Yun]: sclero-

terjungkalSunting

[Lat]: carinat-

jaringan, berjalaSunting

[Yun]: arcy-; [Lat]: reti-, retin-

tertusukSunting

[Lat]: punctat-; [Yun]: sticto-

kasarSunting

[Lat]: asper-, aspr-; [Lat]: scabr-; [Yun]: trach-, trachin-, tracho-, trachy-

halus (smooth)Sunting

[Yun]: aphelo-; [Lat]: giabr-; [Yun]: leio-; [Yun]: lisso-; [Yun]: lito-

lembut (soft)Sunting

[Yun]: malaco-; [Lat]: molli -

berduriSunting

[Yun]: acantho-; [Yun]: echino-; [Lat]: spini-

lir-wol (woolly)Sunting

[Yun]: lachno-; [Lat]: lani-; [Yun]: mallo-

berkerutSunting

[Lat]: caperat-, [Lat]: corrugat-; [Yun]: rhysso-; [Lat]: rugos-

Arah & PosisiSunting

di atasSunting

[Yun]: hyper-; [Lat]: super-, supra

di seberangSunting

[Yun]: dia-; [Lat]: trans-

berlawanan dengan, berkebalikan dariSunting

[Yun]: anti-; [Lat]: contra-

terpisah dariSunting

[Yun]: dia-; [Lat]: dis-

titik puncak, titik-temu teratas (apex)Sunting

[Yun]: aero-; [Lat]: apic-

di sekitar, di seputarSunting

[Lat]: ambi-; [Lat]: circum-; [Yun]: peri-

menjauh dari, beranjak dariSunting

[Yun]: apo-

di/ke/dari arah belakangSunting

[Yun]: opisth-, opistho-; [Yun]: palin-; [Lat]: retr-, retro-

sebelumSunting

[Lat]: ante-, antero-; [Lat]: pre-; [Yun]: pro-

di belakang (behind)Sunting

[Yun]: opistho-; [Lat]: post-, postero-

di bawah (below)Sunting

[Yun]: hypo-; [Lat]: infra-

di sampingSunting

[Yun]: para-

antara (between)Sunting

[Lat]: inter-; [Yun]: meta-

melampauiSunting

[Lat]: ultra-

di/ke/dari seberang (crosswise)Sunting

[Yun]: chaism-; [Lat]: decussi-

turun, menurunSunting

[Yun]: cat-, cata-; [Lat]: de-

timurSunting

[Yun]: euro-; [Lat]: oriental-

jauhSunting

[Yun]: tele-

pertamaSunting

[Yun]: archi-, archo-; [Lat]: primi-; [Yun]: protero-, proto-

di/ke/dari depanSunting

[Lat]: antero-; [Yun]: proso-; [Yun]: proto-

dari dalam (inner)Sunting

[Yun]: endo-, ento-

di tengah (middle)Sunting

[Lat]: medi-, medio-; [Yun]: meso-

dekat (near)Sunting

[Yun]: anchi-; [Yun]: engy-; [Yun]:para-, [Lat]: proxim-

northernSunting

dari arah yang berlawanan (opposite)Sunting

[Yun]: anti-; [Lat]: contra-; [Yun];enanti-

di luar/dari arah luar (outside)Sunting

[Yun]: ecto-; [Yun]: exo-; [Lat]: extern-

berlebihanSunting

[Yun]: hyper-; [Lat]: super-, supra-

keduaSunting

[Yun]: deutero-; [Lat]: secund-

terpisahSunting

[Yun]: crino-; [Lat]: divaricat-

sisi/sampingSunting

[Lat]: lateri-, latero-; [Yun]: pleuro-

miringSunting

[Lat]: declivi-; [Yun]: dochmo-; [Yun]: loxo-; [Yun]: plagio-

selatanSunting

[Lat]: austr-, austral-; [Lat]: notial-; [Yun]: noto-

ketigaSunting

[Lat]: terti-; [Yun]: trito-

atasSunting

[Yun]: aero-; [Lat]: apici-

di bawah (under)Sunting

[Yun]: hypo-; [Lat]: infra-; [Lat]: sub

baratSunting

(My): hesperi-; [Lat]: occidental -

di dalam (within)Sunting

[Yun]: endo-, ento-, [Lat]: intra -

BilanganSunting

satu-setengahSunting

[Yun]: hemi-; [Lat]: semi-

satuSunting

[Yun]: mono-; [Lat]: uni-

satu dan satu-setengahSunting

[Lat]: sesqui-

duaSunting

[Lat]: bi-; [Yun]: di-; [Lat]: duo-

ganda (double)Sunting

[Yun]: amphi-, ampho-; [Lat]: duplici-; [Yun]: didymo-; [Yun]: diplo-

tigaSunting

[Lat]: tri-; [Yun]: tria-, triado-

empatSunting

[Lat]: quadri-; [Yun]: tetra-

limaSunting

[Yun]: pento-; [Lat]: quinque-

enamSunting

[Yun]: hexa-; [Lat]: sex-, sexi-

tujuhSunting

[Yun]: hepta-; [Lat]: septem-, septen-

delapanSunting

(Lat, Yun): octo-

sembilanSunting

[Yun]: ennea-; [Lat]: novem-

sepuluhSunting

[Yun]: deçà-; [Lat]: decim-

sebelasSunting

[Yun]: hendeca-; [Lat]: undecim-

dua belasSunting

[Yun]: dodeca-; [Lat]: duodecim-

seratusSunting

[Lat]: centi-; [Yun]: hecato-

seribuSunting

[Yun]: kilo-; [Lat]: milli-

Jumlah, KuantitasSunting

semuaSunting

[Lat]: omni-; [Yun]: pan-, panto-; [Lat]: toti-

umum (common)Sunting

[Yun]: coeno-; [Lat]: commun-; [Lat]: vulgar-

setara (equal)Sunting

[Lat]: equi-; [Yun]: iso-; [Lat]: pari-

kosong (empty)Sunting

[Yun]: ceno-; [Lat]: vacu-; [Lat]: vani-

genapSunting

[Yun]: artio-

beberapa (few)Sunting

[Yun]: oligo-; [Lat]: pauci-; [Yun]: pauro-

penuh (full)Sunting

[Yun]: mesto-; [Lat]: pleni-, [Yun]: plero-

banyak (many)Sunting

[Lat]: multi-; [Yun]: myria-; [Yun]: poly-

lebih (more)Sunting

[Yun]: plio-; [Lat]: pluri-

paling (most)Sunting

[Yun]: pleisto-

ganjilSunting

[Yun]: perisso-

bagianSunting

[Yun]: mero-; [Lat]: parti-

simpleSunting

[Yun]: haplo-; [Lat]: simplici-

sin^e (sinus pangkat bilangan alami)Sunting

[Yun]: henico-; [Yun]: haplo-

sendirian (solitary)Sunting

[Yun]: eremit-, eremo-

tidak setara (unequal)Sunting

[Yun]: aniso-

sangat (very)Sunting

[Yun]: aga-; [Yun]: ari-; [Yun]: za-

keseluruhan, seluruhnya (whole)Sunting

[Yun]: holo-; [Lat]: integri-

Jenis-Jenis HewanSunting

binatang/hewanSunting

[Yun]: zoo-, -zoon

burungSunting

[Lat]: avi-, -avis; [Yun]: -omis, ornitho-

kucingSunting

[Yun]: aeluro-, -aelurus; [Lat]: feli-, -felis

ulatSunting

[Yun]: -campa, campo-; [Lat]: -eruca, eruci-

sapiSunting

[Yun]: boo-, -bus; [Lat]: -bos, bov-

anjingSunting

[Lat]: cani-, -canis; [Yun]: cyno-, -cyon

ikanSunting

[Yun]: ichthyo-, -ichthys; [Lat]: pisci-, -piscis

lalatSunting

[Lat]: -musca, musci-; [Yun]: myi-, -myia

katak/kodokSunting

[Yun]: batracho, -batrachus; [Yun]: -phryna, phryno-; [Lat]: -rana, rani-

kudaSunting

[Lat]: equi-, -equus; [Yun]: hippo-, -hippus

seranggaSunting

[Yun]: entomo-; [Lat]: insecti-

lintahSunting

[Yun]: -bdella, bdello-; [Lat]: hirudini-, -hirudo

manusiaSunting

[Yun]: anthropo-, -anthropus; [Lat]: homini-,-homo

tikusSunting

[Lat]: mûri-, -mus; [Yun]: myo-, -mys

babiSunting

Yun: hyo-, -hys; [Lat]: sui-, -sus

reptilSunting

[Yun]: herpeto-

kerangSunting

[Yun]: concho-, -concha

ularSunting

[Lat]: aspidi-, -aspis; (L>: -coluber, colubri-; [Yun]: ophio-, -ophis

laba-labaSunting

[Yun]: -arachna, arachno-; [Lat]: -aranea, aranei-

kura-kuraSunting

[Yun]: chelono-, -chelys; [Yun]: emydo-, -emys; [Lat]: testudini-, -testudo

cacing tanah (worm)Sunting

[Yun]: -helmins, helmintho—, [Lat]: vermi-, -vermis

Bagian-Bagian Tubuh HewanSunting

pergelangan kaki (ankle)Sunting

[Lat]: tars-, tarsi-, -tarsus

dubur/anusSunting

[Lat]: ano-, -anus; [Yun]: procto-, -proctus

lengan (arm)Sunting

[Yun]: brachi-, -brachium

punggung, bagian belakang (back)Sunting

[Lat]: dors-, dorsi-, -dorsum; [Yun]: noto-, -notus; [Lat]: terg-, -tergum

kantung kemih, kandung kemih (bag, bladder)Sunting

[Yun]: asco-, -ascus; [Yun]: cysto-, -cystis; [Yun]: -physa, physo-; [Lat]: -vesica, vesico-

paruhSunting

[Yun]: rhyncho-, -rhynchus; [Lat]: rostr-, -rostrum

perutSunting

[Lat]: -venter, ventr-, ventro-

darahSunting

[Yun]: -haema, haemato-, haemo-; [Lat]: sanguini-, -sanguis

body: [Lat]: corporo-, -corpus; [Yun]: -soma, somato-

tulangSunting

[Lat]: -os, ossi-; [Yun]: osteo-, -osteum

sempadan, batasan (border)Sunting

[Yun]: chilo-, -chilus; [Yun]: craspedo-, -craspedum

otakSunting

[Lat]: cereb-, cerebr-, -cerebrum; [Yun]: encephalo-, -encephalus

payudara (breast)Sunting

[Lat]: pector-, -pectus; [Lat]: stern-, sterni-, -sternum; see

payudara dan dada (breast and chest)Sunting

bristle: [Yun]: -chaeta, chaeto—, [Lat]: -seta, seti-

tulang rawan (cartilage)Sunting

[Yun]: chondro-, -chondrus

selSunting

[Lat]: -cella, celli-; [Yun]: cyto-, -cytus

pipiSunting

[Lat]: bucc-, -bucca; [Lat]: gen-, -gena, geno-

dadaSunting

[Yun]: stetho-, -stethus; see also breast and thorax

cakarSunting

[Yun]: chel-, -chela, chelo-; [Yun]: onycho-, -onyx; [Lat]: ungui-, -unguis

jambul (pada burung)Sunting

[Lat]: crist-, -crista; [Yun]: lopho-, -lophus

mahkotaSunting

[Lat]: coron-, -corona; [Yun]: stephano-, -stephanus

jemari, jejariSunting

[Yun]: dactylo-, -dactylus; [Lat]: digiti-, -digitus

kuping, telingaSunting

[Lat]: auri-, -auris [Lat]; [Yun]: otido-, oto-, -ous

telurSunting

[Yun]: oo-, -oum; [Lat]: ovi-, -ovum

mataSunting

[Lat]: oculi-, -oculus; [Yun]: -omma, ommato-; [Yun]: ophthalmo-, -ophthalmus; [Yun]: opo-, -ops, opto-

bulu mataSunting

[Yun]: -blepharis, blepharo-

kelopak mataSunting

[Lat]: cili-, -cilium

muka, wajahSunting

[Lat]: faci-, -faciès; [Yun]: -ops

bulu (burung)Sunting

[Lat]: -pinna, pinni-; [Lat]: plum-,-pluma, plumi-; [Yun]: -pteryla, pterylo-; [Yun]: ptilo-, -ptilum

jariSunting

(lihat jemari, jejari)

dagingSunting

[Lat]: carni-, -caro; [Yun]: sarco-, -sarx

kakiSunting

[Lat]: pedi-, -pes; [Yun]: podo-, -pus

dahi, keningSunting

-frons, front-; [Yun]: metopo-, -metopus, -metopius

insangSunting

[Yun]: branch-, -branchium, brancho-

kelenjarSunting

[Yun]: -aden, adeno-; [Lat]: glandi-, -glans

pangkal paha, pelangkanganSunting

-inguen, inguini-

rambutSunting

[Lat]: capill-, -capillus; [Lat]: crini-, -crinis; [Lat]: pil-, pili-, -pilus; [Yun]: -thrix, tricho-

tanganSunting

[Yun]: -chir, chiro-; [Lat]: mani-, manu-, -manus

kepala, endas, mustakaSunting

[Lat]: capit-, capiti-, -caput; [Yun]: -cephala, cephalo-

jantungSunting

[Yun]: cardi-, -cardia; [Lat]: -cor, cordi-

tumitSunting

(bagian telapak kaki sebelah belakang, di bawah mata kaki)

[Lat]: calcan-, calcane-,-calcaneum; [Lat]: talari-, tali-, -talus

tandukSunting

[Yun]: -cera, cerato-; [Lat]: corn-, -cornus

rahang, mandibulaSunting

[Yun]: genyo-, -genys; [Yun]: gnatho-, -gnathus; [Lat]: maxill-, -maxilla

sendiSunting

[Yun]: arthro-, -arthrum; [Lat]: articuli-, -articulus, -artus

ginjalSunting

[Yun]: nephro-, -nephrus; [Lat]: ren-, -ren, reni-

lututSunting

[Lat]: genu-, -genu; [Yun]: gony-, gpnyo-, -gonys; [Yun]: -gonatium, gonato-

buku jariSunting

[Yun]: condylo-, -condylus

kakiSunting

[Yun]: cnemi-, -cnemis; [Lat]: crur-, -crus; [Yun]: -scelis, scelo-, scelido-

bibirSunting

[Yun]: chilo-, -chilus; [Lat]: labi-, labio-, -labium, labr-, -labrum

liver, hatiSunting

[Yun]: -hepar, hepato-; [Lat]: jecori-, -jecur

paru-paruSunting

[Yun]: -pneuma, pneumo-; [Lat]: pulmo-, -pulmo, pulmono-

membran, selaput (pemisah)Sunting

[Yun]: chorio-, -chorium; [Yun]: -hymen, hymeno-; [Lat]: membran-, -membrana; [Yun]: meningo-, -meninx

mulutSunting

[Lat]: ora-, ori-, -os; [Yun]: -stoma, stomato-

lendirSunting

[Yun]: blenno-, -blennus

ototSunting

[Yun]: myo-, -mys; see also flesh

leherSunting

[Yun]: -auchen, aucheno-; [Lat]: cervic-, -cervix; [Lat]: coll-, -collum; [Yun]: -dera, dero-; [Yun]: trachelo-, -trachelus

hidungSunting

[Lat]: nasi-, -nasus; [Yun]: rhino-, -rhis

rusukSunting

[Lat]: cost-, -costa, costi-; [Yun]: scelido-, -scelis

pantat (hewan)Sunting

[Yun]: gluteo-, -gluteus; [Yun]: -pyga, pygo-

sisikSunting

[Yun]: lepido-, -lepis; [Lat]: squam-, -squama, squami-

cangkang, kerangSunting

[Yun]: -concha, concho-; [Yun]: ostraco-, -ostracum

bahu, pundakSunting

[Yun]: omo-, -omus

kulitSunting

-byrsa, byrso—, [Yun]: chorio-, -chorium; [Lat].: cutan-, cuti-, -cutis; [Yun]: derm-, -derma, dermo-, dermato-; [Yun]: scyto-, -scytus

tengkorak, tulang tempurung kepalaSunting

[Yun]: cranio-, -cranium

moncong, patukSunting

(lihat paruh)

sperma, (air) maniSunting

[Lat]: -semen, semin—, [Yun]: -sperma, spermato-

ruas tulang belakang (spine)Sunting

[Yun]: -acantha, acantho-; [Yun]: rhachi-, -rhachis; [Lat]: -spina, spini-

lambungSunting

[Yun]: -gaster, gastro-; [Lat]: -venter, ventr-

jahitan (pada luka; suture)Sunting

[Yun]: -rhapha, rhapho-

ekor, buntutSunting

[Lat]: caud-, -cauda; [Yun]: cerco-, -cercus; [Yun]: -ura, uro-

pahaSunting

[Lat]: femor-, -femur; [Yun]: mero-,-merus

rongga dada (thorax)Sunting

[Yun]: thoraco-, -thorax

tenggorokan (throat)Sunting

[Lat]: gula-, -gula; [Lat]: guttur-, -guttur; [Yun]: laemo-, -laemus; [Yun]: pharyngo-, -pharynx; [Yun]: trachelo-, -trachelus

jaringan (tissue)Sunting

[Yun]: histo-, -histus; [Lat]: tel-, -tela, teli-

jari kakiSunting

(lihat jemari, jejari)

lidah, ilat, pengecapSunting

[Yun]: -glossa, glosso-, -glotta, glotto-; [Lat]: -lingu-, -lingua

gigiSunting

[Lat]: -dens, dent-, denti-; [Yun]: odonto-, -odous, -odus

vena, pembuluh darah balik (vein)Sunting

[Yun]: phlebo-, -phleps; [Lat]: ven-, -vena, veni-

batang tenggorok (windpipe)Sunting

[Yun]: broncho-, -bronchus; [Yun]: trache-, -trachea

sayapSunting

[Lat]: ala-, -ala, ali-; [Yun]: ptero-, -pterum; [Yun]: pterygo-, -pteryx

pergelangan tangan (wrist)Sunting

[Lat]: carpo-, -carpus

Zat yang UmumSunting

debuSunting

[Yun]: conio-, -conis; [Lat]: pulveri-, -puMs

lemakSunting

[Yun]: -adeps, adipo-, [Yun]: demo-, -demus; [Yun]: lipo-, -llpus;

[Yun]: -piar, piaro-; [Yun]: -pimela, pimelo-; [Lat]: sebo-, -sebum;

[Yun]: -stear, steat-, steato-

tepung, bubukan (flour)Sunting

[Yun]: aleuro-, -aleurum; [Lat]: farin-, -farina

makananSunting

[Yun]: bor-, -bora; [Yun]: -broma, bromato-; [Yun]: sltio-, sito-, -situs

gelasSunting

[Yun]: hyalo-, -hyalus; [Lat]: vitri-, -vitrum

lem, perekat (glue)Sunting

[Yun]: -colla, collo-; [Yun]: -glia, glio-; [Lat]: -gluten, glutin-

madu (honey)Sunting

[Yun]: -melis, melito-; [Lat]: -mel, melli-

susu (milk)Sunting

[Yun]: -gala, galacto-; [Lat]: -lac, lacti-

batu (rock)Sunting

[Lat]: lapid-, -lapis; [Yun]: litho-, -lithus; [Yun]: -petra, petro-;

[Lat]: rupi-, -rupis; [Lat]: saxi-, -saxum

garamSunting

[Yun]: halo-, -hais; [Lat]: -sal, sali-, salin-

sutra (silk)Sunting

[Lat]: bombyc-, -bombyx; [Lat]: -ser, seri-, seric-

serbuk (starch)Sunting

[Yun]: amylo-, -amylum, -amylus

air (water)Sunting

[Lat]: aqua-, -aqua, aquat-; [Yun]: -hydor,--hydra, hydro-

lilin (wax)Sunting

[Lat]: ceri-, -cera; [Yun]: cero-, -cerus

wol (wool)Sunting

[Yun]: -lachna, lachno-, -lachnus; [Yun]: -mallus, mallo-; [Lat]: -lana, lani-

Jenis-Jenis TumbuhanSunting

tumbuhan paku (fern)Sunting

[Yun]: pterido-, -pteris

jamur (fungus)Sunting

[Lat]: fungi-, -fungus; [Yun]: -myces, myceto-, myco-

buliran (grain)Sunting

[Yun]: -chondrium, chondro-

rumput (grass)Sunting

[Lat]: -gramen, gramini-; [Lat]: grani-, -granum; [Yun]: -poa, poo-

lumut gada (moss)Sunting

[Yun]: bryo-, -bryum; [Yun]: hypno-, -hypnum; [Yun]: mnio-, -mnium

tumbuhan, tanaman (plant)Sunting

[Yun]: phyto-, -phytum

gelagah, alang-alang (reed)Sunting

[Lat]: arundi-, -arundo; [Yun]: calamo-, -calamus; [Yun]: donaci-, -donax

semak, belukar (shrub)Sunting

[Yun]: thamno-, -thamnus

pohon (tree)Sunting

[Lat]: arbor-, -arbor, arbore-; [Yun]: dendro-, -dendron, -dendrum

tumbuhan merambat (vine)Sunting

[Yun]: ampelo-, -ampelus; [Lat]: viti-, -vitis

gandum (wheat)Sunting

[Yun]: pyro-, -pyrum; [Lat]: tritici-, -triticum

Bagian-Bagian TanamanSunting

kulit kayu (bark)Sunting

[Lat]: -cortex, cortici-; [Yun]: phloeo-, -phloeus

buah yang bundar kecil (berry)Sunting

[Lat]: acini-, -acinus; [Yun]: cocco-, -coccus; [Lat]: -bacca, bacci-

semak duri (bramble)Sunting

[Yun]: bato-, -batus

cabang pohon (branch)Sunting

[Yun]: clado-, -cladus; [Lat]: ram-, rami-, ramo-, -ramus

kuncup bunga (bud)Sunting

[Lat]: gemm-, -gemma

kembang, bunga (flower)Sunting

[Yun]: -anthemum, antho-, -anthus; [Lat]: -flora, flori-

buahSunting

[Yun]: carp-, carpo-,-carpus; [Lat]: fructi-,-fructus; [Lat]: porno-, -pomus

daunSunting

[Lat]: foli-, -folium; [Yun]: phyllo-, -phyllum

kacang (nut)Sunting

[Yun]: caryo-, -caryum; [Lat]: nuci-, -nux

akar (root)Sunting

[Lat]: radici-, -radix; [Yun]: -rhiza, rhizo-

benih (seed)Sunting

[Yun]: blasto-, -blastus; [Lat]: -semen, semini-; [Yun]: -sperma, spermato-; [Yun]: -spora, sporo-

tangkai pohon (stalk, stem)Sunting

[Lat]: cauli-,-caulis; [Yun]: caulo-,-caulus; [Lat]: petiol-, -petiolus; [Lat]: -stipes, stipit-

duri, onak (thorn, spine)Sunting

[Yun]: -acantha, acantho-; [Lat]: -spina, spini-

Aktivitas HewanSunting

bernapas (breathe)Sunting

[Yun]: pneumato-, pneumo-

membawa (carry)Sunting

[Lat]: fer-; [Yun]: phoro-

merayap (creep)Sunting

[Yun]: erpet-; [Lat]: rept-, reptili-

memotong, mengiris (cut)Sunting

[Lat]: sect-; [Yun]: tom-

menari (dance)Sunting

[Yun]: choreo-

tinggal, menetap (dwell)Sunting

[Lat]: col-, coli-; [Yun]: -ecetes, -êtes; [Lat]: -estr

makan (eat)Sunting

[Yun]: phago-; [Yun]: tropho-; [Lat]: vor-, vora-

memberi makan (feed)Sunting

(lihat makan)

melakukan kebiasaan (habit)Sunting

[Yun]: etho-, -ethus

melompat, meloncat (jump)Sunting

[Lat]: salt-; [Lat]: salien-; [Yun]: scirto-

hidup (live)Sunting

(lihat tinggal, menetap)

mencintai (love)Sunting

[Yun]: philo-

bergerak (motion)Sunting

[Yun]: cine-, cinemato-, cinet-; [Lat]: moti-

berisik (noisy)Sunting

[Lat]: garrul-; [Yun]: spharago-, [Yun]: stombo-; [Lat]: vocifer-

cepat, lekas (quick)Sunting

[Yun]: aeolo-, aeluro-

berlari (run)Sunting

[Lat]: cursor-; [Yun]: dromo-

bernyanyi (sing)Sunting

[Yun]: acheto-

tidur (sleep)Sunting

[Lat]: dorm-; [Yun]: hypno-; [Lat]: somni-; [Lat]: sopor-

lamban, lambat (slow)Sunting

[Yun]: brady-; [Lat]: tardi-

bersuara, berbunyi (sound)Sunting

[Yun]: -phona, phono-

cepat, lesat (swift)Sunting

[Lat]: céleri-; [Lat]: citi-; [Yun]: tachy-; [Lat]: veloci-

berenang (swim)Sunting

[Lat]: nata-, natant-; [Yun]: necto-; [Yun]: pleo-

berbalik, berbelok, bergerak melekuk (turn)Sunting

[Yun]: trop-, tropi-, tropido-

berjalan (walk)Sunting

[Lat]: ambulat-; [Yun]: baeno-; [Yun]: bat-; [Lat]: gressor-

berkelana (wander)Sunting

[Lat]: peregrin-; [Lat]: vag-, vagan-

Habltats

abode: (see house)

cave: [Lat]: antro-; [Lat]: caverni-; [Yun]: spel-, speleo-; [Yun]: troglo-

depths: [Yun]: batho-, bathy-; [Yun]: bentho-, [Yun]: bysso-; [Yun]: bytho-

dry: [Lat]: arid-; [Yun]: azo-; [Yun]: xero-

dung: [Yun]: bolito-; [Yun]: copro-; [Yun]: scat»-; [Yun]: spatilo-; [Lat]:

stereo-

dwell: [Lat]: col-, coli-; [Yun]: -ecetes, -êtes; [Lat]: -estr

earth: [Yun]: chamae-; [Yun]: chthono-; [Yun]: geo-

fleld: [Lat]:agri-, agro-; [Lat]: arv-, arvens-; [Lat]: camp-,

campestr-; [Lat]: prat-, prati-

forest: (see woods)

ground: (see earth)

house: [Yun]: eco-

island: [Lat]: insul-, insular-; [Yun]: neso-

lake: [Lat]: lacustr-; [Yun]: limno-

li^it: [Lat]:luci-; [Yun]: photo-

live: (see dwell)

marsh: [Yun]: eleo-, elo-; [Yun]: helo-, heleo-, helod-; [Yun]: limno-;

[Lat]: paludi-

meadow: (see field)

mountain: [Lat]: alpestr-, alpin-; [Lat]: mont-, montan-; [Yun]: oreo-

mud: [Yun]: borboro-; [Lat]:limi-; [Lat]: lut-; [Yun]: pelo-

ocean: (see sea)

place: [Yun]: topo-

pond: [Lat]: stagni-; [Yun]: telmato-

river: [Lat]: amni-; [Lat]: flumini-; [Lat]: fluvia-, fluviatil-; [Yun]:

potamo-

sand: [Yun]: ammo-; [Lat]: areni-; [Yun]: psammo-

sea: [Yun]: enalio-; [Yun]: halio-; [Lat]: marin-, maritim-, [Yun]: oceano—,

[Yun]: pelag-, pelago-; [Yun]: thalasso-

shade: [Yun]: scio-; [Lat]: umbri-

shore: [Yun]: aegialo-; [Lat]: litori-

snow: [Yun]: chiono-; [Yun]: nipho-; [Lat]: nival-

swamp: (see marsh)

thicket: [Lat]: dumi-; [Yun]: lochmo-; [Yun]: thamno-; [Yun]: xylocho-

water: [Lat]: aqua-, aquat-; [Yun]: hydro-; [Yun]:hygro-

woods: [Yun]: drymo-, [Lat]: sylvestr-, sylvi-

Miscellaneous

alike: [Yun]: homo-, homoeo-, [Lat]: identi-; [Lat]: simili-; [Yun]:

tauto-

ancient: [Yun]: archaeo-, [Yun]: palaeo-, palaeonto-

animal: [Yun]: zoo-

different: ( G ) : hetero- ; (L ) : vari-

false: [Lat]: falsi-; [Yun]: pseudo-, [Lat]: spuri-

hidden: [Yun]: aphano-, [Yun]: ceutho-; [Yun]: crypto-

life: [Yun]: bio-

man: [Yun]: andro-, [Yun]: anthropo-, [Lat]: homi-, homini-

moisture: [Lat]: humidi—, [Yun]: hygro-

moon: [Lat]: luni-; [Yun]: menado-, meni-; [Yun]: seleni-

new: [Yun]: caeno-; [Yun]: neo-; [Lat]: novi-

old: (see ancient)

night: [Lat]: noct-, nocti-; [Yun]: nyct-

sun: [Yun]: helio-, [Lat]: sol-

time: [Yun]: chrono-, [Lat]: tempor-

true: [Yun]: eleuthero-; [Yun]: eu-; [Lat]: veri

visible: [Yun]: delo-; [Yun]: phanero-, phanto-

Some Common Suffixes

-aceae: the ending of names of plant families

-aceus, -acea, -aceum: a Latin suffix meaning "of" or "pertaining to";

usually used with noun roots

-ago: a botanical suffix denoting resemblance

-ales: the ending of names of plant orders

-alis, -ale: a Latin suffix added to noun roots to form adjectives

meaning "pertaining to"

-anus, -ana, -anum: a Latin suffix added to noun roots to form adjec-

tives meaning "belonging to"; often used with names of localities

-atilis, -atile: a Latin adjectival suffix meaning "found in"; usually

used with roots of nouns referring to habitats

-cuius, -cula, -culum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-eae: the ending of names of plant tribes

-ecetes, -êtes: a Greek suffix meaning "one who," or "to dwell"; often

used with roots of nouns referring to habitats

-ellus, -ella, -ellum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-ensis, -ense: a Latin adjectival suffix meaning "belonging to"; usually

used with locality names

-es: a Greek suffix meaning the doer of an action, used with verb roots;

equivalent to the English suffixes ^er and -jar

-escens: a Latin adjectival suffix meaning "becoming," or "beginning

to"

-estris, -estre: a Latin suffix meaning "belonging to," or "living in";

generally used with nouns referring to habitats

-êtes: (see -ecetes)

-icosus, -icosa, -icosum: a Greek suffix added to verb roots meaning

"ability," or "fitness"

-idae: the ending of names of animal families

-idius, -idia, -idium: a Latin and Greek diminutive suffix

-iensis, -iense: (see -ensis)

-illus, -ilia, -ilium: a Latin diminutive suffix

-imus, -ima, -imum: a Latin superlative ending

-inae: the ending of names of animal subfamilies and plant subtribes

-ineae: the ending of names of plant suborders

-inus, -ina, -inum: a Latin suffix denoting "likeness," or "belonging to"

-iscus, -isca, -iscum: a Latin and Greek diminutive suffix

-issimus, -issima, -issimum: a Latin superlative ending

-istus, -ista, -istum: a Greek superlative ending

odea, -odes: a Greek suffix denoting resemblance

-oidea: the ending of names of animal superfamilies

-oideae: the ending of names of plant subfamilies

-olus, -ola, -olum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-osus, -osa, -osum: a Latin suffix meaning "full of," or "prone to"

-rimus, -rima, -rimum: the Latin superlative ending for adjectives

ending in er

-tatos: a Greek superlative ending

-ticus, -tica, -ticum: a Latin suffix meaning "belonging to"; generally

used with roots of nouns referring to habitats

-tus, -ta, -turn: a Latin past participle ending

-ullus, -ulla, -ullum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-ulus, -ula, -ulum: a Latin diminutive suffix

-unculus, -uncula, -unculum: a Latin diminutive suffix

Daftar PustakaSunting

  • Borror, Donald J. Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms: Compiled from the Greek, Latin, and other languages, with special reference to biological terms and scientific names. Mayfield Publishing Company. Mountain View: 1960.
  • Jones, Russel (Penyunting Umum). Loanwords in Indonesian and Malay. Semula merupakan kamus dalam bentuk cetakan, kini tersedia dalam bentuk situs web di http://sealang.net/lwim/.
  • Ltd. Pan Macmillan. Macmillan Dictionary for Students. ISBN-10 : 002761560X. ISBN-13 : 978-0027615609. Simon & Schuster Books For Young Readers. 1984.
  • Merriam-Webster's Editorial Team. Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary, 11th Edition. ASIN : B00BP0L620. Encyclopedia Britannica Company: 1 januari 2008.
  • Merriam-Webster's Editorial Team. Merriam-Webster's Medical Desk Dictionary. ISBN-13: 978-0877791256. ISBN-10: 0877791252. Delmar Cengage Learning. 1996.
  • Neufeldt, Victoria. Webster's New World College Dictionary, Third Edition. ASIN : B01FKS4DDG. Wiley & Sons. New York. 1995.